Roofing 101: 5 Basic Roofing Components You Should Know

Roofing 101: 5 Basic Roofing Components You Should Know

When it comes to home upgrades and maintenance, most homeowners feel excitement over interior improvements, loft conversions, kitchen makeovers, and while other critical components like the roof take the backseat. 

It’s easy to forget about the upkeep of your roof, even though everyone spends most of their life under one. Considering how it is under constant exposure to extreme weather conditions, leaving it unchecked for months can result in shingle deterioration and other roofing problems. 

A faulty room is a dangerous issue to handle, so it’s a good idea to ensure your roofing system is in good working order now and then. The guide below should help you understand the basic components of a roof so you can stay on the lookout for any signs of trouble in the long run. 

Five Basic Components of a Roof 

1. Roof Structure 

The structure is responsible for directing how to attach the other elements on the roof, which typically refers to the rafters and trusses. This acts as a support for your roof’s decking, which is why getting the right measurements, specifications, and load capacity are crucial to its stability and strength.

2. Flashings 

This describes the metal pieces that keep the water from reaching areas like the hips and valleys. Homeowners can choose different styles of flashings as it comes in either copper, galvanized flashing, galvanized alloy, lead-coated copper, and steel. 

3. Trim 

The trim also plays a pivotal role as it protects the seams along the hips and ridges of the roof. Maintaining the trim is critical since it diverts water away from the roofing system, which means damages to the trim will also compromise the underlying structure. 

4. Underlayment 

This refers to a waterproof layer that seals the roof from environmental elements like snow and rain. It looks like a black sheet of paper that is placed over the plywood sheeting, which keeps the materials from trapping water, vapor, and any form of moisture. 

5. Shingles

The shingles are also one of the most critical aspects of the exterior part of the roof as it takes the full brunt of the environment’s abuse, particularly under inclement weather conditions. 

Different materials like asphalt, rubber, slate clay, concrete, metal, or wood are the most common choices, so be sure to choose one that meets your expectations regarding both form and function. 

Since the shingles also dominate the visible area of your roofing system, it has a significant impact on your home’s overall style and curb appeal. 

The Bottom Line: The Importance of Maintaining the Quality of Your Roofing System

Caring for your roofing system can go a long way in extending its lifespan and reinforcing its performance. One way to consider your roof’s upkeep is to better understand the roofing’s basic concepts so that you can make more informed decisions when the need arises. 

We’re a roofing and siding contractor in Ottawa that offers some of the best vinyl siding installations in the area, so get in touch with us at 613-656-8606 to see how we can help you transform your home!